History of Ertugrul Ghazi

Kayi – The one who has might and power by relationship. The Kayi tribe was an Oghuz sub-branch of the Bozok tribe.
Sheikh Edebali was a highly influential Turkish Sufi sheikh. An influence and guide for both Ertrugul Gazi and his son Osman Ghazi. (Gazi – A term used for heroic champion fighter in the name of Islam)

Ertugrul Ghazi – The father of Osman (Founder of the ottoman empire). Ertrugul Gazi was the chiefdom of the Kayi tribe and he eventually settled his tribe in Sogut. Ertrugul Gazi was said to have fought the enemies of the Sultan in exchange for new tribal land for his tribe to settle upon. Above all, he rooted for the principles of the Islamic faith, justice and fairness for all.

Osman Gazi – Was the founder of the Ottoman empire and was the son of Ertrugul Gazi. He was born in 1258 and was the son of Halime Hatun. Osman Gazi followed the footsteps of his father in order to spread the faith of Islam, along with justice and fairness to all. He conquered Inegol and declared independence for the Ottoman empire. This was later governed by Turgut.
Orhan Gazi – The son of Osman Gazi was born in 1281. As Osman Gazi turned of age, Orhan Gazi was given the task of continuing his father’s legacy. Whilst Orhan Gazi was in power he was victorious in many battles as the likes of both his father and grandfather.

Turgut bey – Turgut was a very close friend and advisor to Ertrugul Gazi who then became close friend and advisor to Osman Gazi. Turgut was given governance over Inegol which was conquered by Osman Gazi and when he passed, was laid there to rest.

Outside Ertrugul Gazi’s grave we hear the recitationنصر من الله وفتحٌ قريب from the Qur’an meaning -Allah will give you another blessing which you love, help from Allah (against your enemies) and a near victory. And give glad tidings(Oh Mohammed)

Ertugrul Ghazi is the father of the founder of the Ottoman Empire, Osman Ghazi. Although the information about him is uncertain, it is known that; he was a member of the Kayi Clan. The ancestors of Ertugrul Ghazi were under the command of Sultan Tugrul Bey of Seljuks and Alparslan and they came to Ahlat region first. They joined to the raids in Anatolia. After Eyyubies had captured Ahlat, Gunduz Alp, the father of Ertugrul Ghazi, migrated to Mardin region. And after the plunder of Mardin by the Mongolians, they left this region and they moved through central Anatolia. The Kayi Clan, under the command of Gunduz Alp migrated to Surmelicukur of Pasinler plain of Erzurum. In a short while Gunduz Alp fallen ill and died and Ertugrul Ghazi replaced him. As the Mongolians advanced in Anatolia, he and his brother Dundar Bey moved through the western parts of Anatolia.

In Sivas, they assisted the Seljuk Army against the Mongolians. Alaeddin Keykubat, the sultan of the Seljuks rewarded Ertugrul Ghazi for his service and he gave Ertugrul Ghazi, Karacadag and its province, near Ankara. The Kayi Clan had settled in Karacadag for some time, and later they moved through the Sogut region, in the Byzantine border. He campaigned the Byzantine villages. Ertugrul Ghazi helped Alaaddin Keykubat in the war against the Greek Empire in Emeniderbendi (the region between today’s Pazaryeri and Bozoyuk). The sultan gave him Eskisehir and its province to the Kayi Clan. After this success, he marched through the Byzantine borders and conquered Sogut. Sogut became the capital of the Kayis. The campaigns continued and Ertugrul Ghazi gained power and extended his borders.

Ertugrul Ghazi died at the age of 90 and his tomb is on 1 km east of the Sogut region of Bilecik. Osman Ghazi had succeeded him.


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